Poverty and Child Labour In India

Poverty and Child Labour In India

Poverty and Child Labour In India

Poverty in India can be defined as a situation when a certain section of people are unable to fulfill their basic needs. India has the world's largest number of poor people living in a single country. Extreme poverty, lack of opportunity for gainful employment and intermittency of income and low standards of living are the main reasons for the wide prevalence of child labor.  Though it is possible to identify child labor in the organized sector, which form a minuscule of the total child labor, the problem relates mainly to the unorganized sector where utmost attention needs to be paid. The problem is universal but in our case, it is more crucial.

Child Labour is closely linked to poverty. India is a thickly populated country. A large section of people being compelled to live below the poverty line. Large numbers of children in India are engaged as laborers to earn some money for their family’s sake.

In the scenario of extreme poverty, children are forced to lead a dismal dark life, without the light of education, and under the shadow of exploitation.

Child labor is commonly seen at various places in India. From roadside tea stalls to big and small factories producing sundry products like cement, handloom and jute products, carpets, fashionable tawdry ornaments and fireworks, and many other hazardous jobs, children are working in abysmal condition.

They have been cases where child labors were severely beaten and offered no medical help in case they complain or try to escape or hurt themselves.

There are practical difficulties in the way of abolishing child labor overnight. Without eradicating poverty child labor cannot be abolished. There must be a special awakening to check the evil.

Fortunately, many philanthropic organizations have come forward insisting the government on promulgating and implementing laws to keep children away from such hazardous occupations.

However, mere laws would not totally solve the problem of child labor, if we do not provide any substitute way for better living for the families from where the children come from.

Big Picture

India’s 2011 census showed that: · 
There were more than 10.2 million “economically active” children in the age group of five to 14 years – 5.6 million boys and 4.5 million girls, ·

Eight million children were working in rural areas, and 2 million in urban areas,  ·Although in rural settings the number of child workers reduced from 11 million to 8 million between the 2001 and 2011 censuses,  over the same period, the number of children working in urban settings rose from 1.3 million to 2 million.



  • by-Rahul Dwivedi
  • Saturday, Apr 20, 2019
Help & Support

We would love to get your thoughts so don't hesitate to send us your quick feedback!

Your Name
Your email ID
Your Phone No.
Your message